History of Central Park
Central Park was the country’s first groomed public park. The park’s supporters, mostly affluent merchants, and landowners, loved the public grounds of London and Paris and argued that New York needed a similar facility to build its worldwide image. A public park, they claimed, would provide an appealing environment for carriage excursions for their own children while also providing a healthier alternative to the saloon for working-class New Yorkers. After three years of dispute about the park’s location and expense, the state legislature allowed the City of New York to utilize eminent domain to buy more than 700 acres of property in Manhattan’s center in 1853.
Central Park’s Highlights
After the New York State Legislature designated the park’s property, the park’s design was established by Frederick Law Olmsted, a Connecticut-born writer and agriculturalist, and Calvert Vaux, a British-born architect. In New York City’s grid-like layout, the park fits inside a rectangular space. It extends from West 59th Street to West 110th Street, west to east between Central Park West and Fifth Avenue, and south to north from West 59th Street to West 110th Street.
The park’s 6-mile tree-lined border serves as both a barrier between the green space and the city and an urban promenade. The park also has four below-grade lanes that go through it.
There are various attractions for visitors, including the restaurant Tavern on the Green, a carousel, Belvedere Castle, Delacorte Theater, and the Naumburg Bandshell. The Maine Monument, an obelisk, and an Alice in Wonderland monument are among the works of art in the park.
The Great Lawn, Sheep Meadow, Strawberry Fields, Cherry Hill, The Ramble, Summit Rock, Cedar Hill, the Conservatory Garden, the North Woods, the Ravine, the North Meadow, and the Reservoir are just a few of the park’s names and attractions.
Tourism And Location
The New York Philharmonic gives concerts in the park, and world-renowned musicians have given free performances on the Great Lawn.
The Central Park Zoo, located off Fifth Avenue near East 63rd Street, is home to a snow leopard, sea lions, a grizzly bear, penguins, and red pandas. There’s also a tropic rainforest featuring black-and-white ruffed lemurs, an emerald tree boa, and poison dart frogs. The zoo’s admission fee is $18 for adults and $13 for children.
Visitors to Central Park may now hire model boats to navigate around the Conservatory Water Pond (near the Alice in Wonderland statue). From April to October, the Loeb Boathouse on the park’s lake rents rowboats and gondolas (weather permitting).
Starting in mid-November, Wollman Rink and Lasker Rink provide ice skating in the park.
BikeRent NYC maintains two seasonal stations for park visitors to rent bicycles.
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